‘Karkkidakam’ (Jul-Aug), the last month of the Malayalam calendar is a month of dark clouds and heavy rain. In a traditionally agrarian society, this month is considered to be a period of scarcity. In order to get over this period of darkness, it has been customary in households to recite the Ramayana, on a daily basis in front of a ‘Deepam’. Like-wise, Pujas and readings are an intrinsic part of temple activity during this month – giving ‘Karkkidakam’ the distinction of being referred to as ‘Ramayana Maasam’.
Karkkidaka ‘Vavu Bali’ corresponding to the Tamilian ‘Aadi Amavasya’ is also part of this month.